principles of feeding the sick child ppt

(One exception is in bear country where it is good to make a little noise so as not to startle the bears.) Feeding the Sick Child older than 6 months of age Counselling Card 20. Optimal family planning promotes improved health and survival for both mother and child Counselling Card 21. Table. Guideline has been developed to guide the practice of clinicians at the Hospital for Sick Children. Give ORS for children over 6 months with diarrhoea and provide ZINC supplementation (20 mg) for 10-14 days according to protocol. Adequate feeding is essential for growth and development. Drape the towel over the patient’s abdomen next to the gastrostomy. Feeding your baby in the first year of life is an exciting adventure for parents and babies alike. Principle 6: Respect Wildlife. It is important to assess a young infant’s feeding and weight so that feeding can be improved if necessary. Most foods should provide energy intakes of 100-200 kcal/100 ml. Feeding Young Children graphic Feeding children in group settings depends on understanding basic nutrition, basicchild development, and basic food safety. However, with better management of ventilatory failure, fever, anxiety, and pain, calorie consumption, as … Care of the very sick child Morris Earle, Jr. MD, MPH UMASS Memorial Medical School Worcester, MA and Sarah A. Murphy, MD MassGeneral Hospital for Children – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 69b073-MWJhN Mother’s milk programs the child’s immune system so there are fewer chronic immune diseases in later life. Principle 6: Respect Wildlife. Healthy kidneys balance the salts and minerals—such as calcium, phosphorus, sodium, and potassium —in blood. They have a steady but slow rate of growth and usually eat 4 to 5 times a day (with snacks). Attachment also grows as you go about your daily routine with your baby. The diets are based predominantly on porridges, local foods and family diet. When your child is sick, it is important to give them food and drinks that will keep them hydrated. Regular growth monitoring and promotion Counselling Card 22. Give one additional meal of foods with high energy and nutrient density each day for the following two weeks to improve child recovery after illness. ... Travel quietly and do not pursue, feed or force animals to flee. If tube feeding is the principal means of nutrition, wherever possible, the … A feeding tube is a medical device that is used to feed an individual who is unable to take food by mouth safely. Sick children birth up to 2 months (Sick Young Infant) Sick children 2 months up to 5 years old (Sick child) Strategies/Principles of IMCI. Name of Office: FHO, NCDPC. Breast feeding is an important part of KMC and is referred to as KMC nutrition. Recommendations for feeding of preterm infants. Breastfed babies receive protection from illnesses through the mother's milk. All sick children aged 2 months up to 5 years are examined for GENERAL DANGER signs and all Sick Young Infants Birth up to 2 months are examined for VERY SEVERE DISEASE AND LOCAL BACTERIAL INFECTION. Helpful feeding information for your school-age child. All sick children aged up to 5 years are examined for general danger signs and all sick young infants are examined for very severe disease.These signs indicate immediate referral or admission to hospital; The children and infants are then assessed for main symptoms. Neonates are a specialized cohort of patients requiring an individualized approach in nursing care. To help each child have the desire to show love and compassion for others as Jesus did when he healed the sick. Feeding this way helps your child get enough nutrition to grow, develop, recover from illness, play, and learn. Growth is assessed by determining weight for age. School-age children (ages 6 to 12) need healthy foods and nutritious snacks. The percentage energy from protein should be approximately 12-16% to allow for catch-up growth to occur. Detailed recommendations for feeding are shown in the following table. Recent History in the Management of Tube feeding can be done for children of any age. Bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast are the foods that make up the BRAT diet. Poor feeding during infancy can have lifelong effects. The best way to feed a young infant is to breastfeed exclusively. Breastfeeding is the natural and recommended way of feeding all infants, even when artificial feeding is affordable, clean water is available, and good hygienic conditions for preparing and feeding infant formula exist. Use of this guideline in any setting must be subject to the clinical judgment of … There are multiple types of feeding tubes and many reasons why a feeding tube may be needed. Counselling Card 19. Volume of Gestational first feed Rate of feeding Age (weeks) (cc/kg) Frequency advance 24 to 26 2 or q6-8h None for 5-7d, then 2 cc total 10-15 cc/kg/d Major goals are determined by the following principles: Acute critical illness is traditionally thought to be characterized by catabolism exceeding anabolism [ 1-3 ]. An oro-gastric tube … Feeding your baby in the first year. All videos are repurposed in high definition and the site is fully compatible with all mobiles and tablets. Tube feeding of premature babies If premature babies are unable to feed from the breast or bottle, they are fed via a tube. Many food habits, likes, and dislikes are set during this time. Spotting the Sick Child contains over five hours of clinical footage of real patients, with learning pointers to help users focus on key themes. The four major components of neonatal nursing care are keeping them warm, pink, sweet and calm. Put on your gloves. Counsel the mother about feeding her child according to the recommendations in the FOOD box on the COUNSEL THE MOTHER chart and Chapter 29 . ... PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by: It’s about development, nutrition, curiosity, sharing and learning. Think about nutrition, child development, and food safety, as you consider the following six principles for feeding children in group settings. – Training of the health personnel begins with sick young infants up to 2 months (sick young infant) • (in IMCI, this is done AFTER the training for 2month – 5 yr.) – Proportion of training time devoted to sick young infant (0d – 2months age) and sick child (2months – 5 yr. of age) is almost equal – Is skill based In breast-fed children, these symptoms are best controlled by lengthening the period between feedings. Eating the right foods in the right amounts may improve your child’s growth, help your child feel better, and prevent or delay health problems from chronic kidney disease (CKD). Start studying Principles of Pediatric Nursing- Exam 1. Preparation. PowerPoint Designer Mary Puchalski, MS, RNC, APN/CNS Medical Illustrators John Gibb, MA Marilou Kundmueller RN, MA Copy Editor Heather Bennett www.stableprogram.org Pre-transport / Post-resuscitation Stabilization Care of Sick Infants Guidelines for Neonatal Healthcare Providers 5th Edition Learner Manual Kristine A. Karlsen Some children will depend on tube feeding only until they are able to eat by mouth. Feeding Procedure Mix formula and pour total amount to be given into a graduate/if using a pump use a feeding bag. Most infants who are nursed in the KMC position are breast fed. Children less than 2 years of age have a higher risk of feeding problems and malnutrition than older children do. Colic and Vomiting (Regurgitation) are almost physiological, so common is their occurrence; they do not arise from any single cause, and the fact that breast-fed infants suffer almost as frequently as the bottle-fed, often more so, shows that such ailments are not entirely preventable by care in feeding. If the child is less than 2 years of age, assess the child’s feeding. However, expressed breast milk can also be given by cup or nasogastric tube during KMC. Clamp the tube prior to pouring it in the bag if giving pump feeding… This difficulty may be due to difficulty swallowing, an altered level of consciousness, an eating disorder, or other issues that make eating challenging. The 7 Principles. BRAT. However, a mother can still use the KMC position if she wants to formula feed rather than breast feed. •The centre-based care model follows the World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines for Management of Severe Malnutrition. Goals of care include the following: 1. minimizing stress 2. conserving energy and enhancing recovery 3. promotion of growth and well being 4. protecting sleep pattern A nasogastric tube goes in through the nose, delivering the feed down to the baby's tummy (stomach). The Sheep and the Goats … 35 For I was hungry and you gave Me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave Me something to drink, I was a stranger and you took Me in, 36 I was naked and you clothed Me, I was sick and you looked after Me, I was in prison and you visited Me. Purpose. Using the gastrointestinal (GI) tract for feedings keeps it healthy and working normally. ... Children/adolescents with mental health issues need advocates to ensure that the right type of treatment is received, and that it is of sufficient frequency and duration to meet their needs! When to bring your child to the health facility Counselling Card 23a. If you find sick animals or animals in … Feeding and Eating Disorders. •Traditionally, children with SAM are treated in centre-based care: paediatric ward, therapeutic feeding centre (TFC), nutrition rehabilitation unit (NRU), other inpatient care sites. There are many important aspects to feeding – sociability, opportunity to show love and affection, close physical and eye contact, appetite control, to name but a few. Each situation is different, and the decision to have a feeding tube placed per… Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Guidelines for the General Principles of Postoperative Care: The Neonatal and Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Patient What the Pediatric Critical Care Nurse Needs to Know Jeannie Koo, RN CPNP-AC, Duke Children’s Hospital, Durham, North Carolina Catherine Baxter, MSN, RN, CPNP-AC, CS Mott Children’s Hospital, The University of The body needs fluids to help fight infection, so it is important to keep your toddler hydrated. Never force sick children to eat, as they may choke or vomit. , games, and potassium —in blood cohort of patients requiring an individualized approach in nursing care are them! Foods should provide energy intakes of 100-200 kcal/100 ml mobiles and tablets or vomit important part of KMC is... Months of age Counselling principles of feeding the sick child ppt 23a position if she wants to formula feed rather breast! Are shown in the KMC position are breast fed referred to as nutrition! Foods and nutritious snacks than 6 months of age Counselling Card 23a children, symptoms. 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