A teacher's classroom-management system communicates information about the teacher's beliefs on content and the learning process. So before we even talk about the subject, the standards, the time, the context, the classroom management etc., we have these two extremely complex inputs: students and teachers. The image was of a teacher first attending to classroom management, and then beginning instruction without further reference to management decisions. Currently, one of the most effective is a program of classroom management proposed by educator Harry K. Wong in his book "The First Days of School. The goal of smooth transitions is to ensure that all students have the materials and mind-sets they need for a new activity. The learning environment must be envisioned in both a physical space and a cognitive space. Maintenance of a learning environment combines a teacher's careful attention to group dynamics, individual student needs, and clear communication. Journal of Educational Psychology 74 (4):485–498. JONES, VERNON. Education Encyclopedia - StateUniversity.comEducation Encyclopedia: Classroom Management - Creating a Learning Environment to Association for Science Education (ASE), Copyright © 2020 Web Solutions LLC. Two specific areas of cognitive space that teachers include in their plans are setting expectations (i.e., rules and procedures) and creating a motivational climate. New York: Macmillan. The uniqueness of each classroom and the variety and complexity of tasks that teachers face make it impossible to prescribe specific techniques for every situation. "Classroom Management Techniques." Therefore, one of the critical aspects of managing classrooms effectively, or managing classrooms in ways to enhance student learning, is setting expectations. In both elementary and secondary classrooms, the start of the school year is crucial to effective management. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Attending to these and similar questions aids a teacher in managing the physical space of the classroom. Systems and complexity have serious ramifications on the studies and research into effective teaching practices integrating technology in learning environments. These strategies are: (1) with-it-ness (communicating awareness of student behavior), (2) overlapping (doing more than one thing at once),(3) smoothness and momentum (moving in and out of activities smoothly, with appropriately paced and sequenced instruction), and (4) group alerting (keeping all students attentive in a whole-group focus). Over the years, educators have developed many different methods for keeping classrooms clean and under control. “Classroom organization” captures the structural aspects of how a teacher structures his or her classroom, and “expectations for student behavior” refers to the interpersonal and conduct norms that a teacher establishes. In Beyond Behaviorism: Changing the Classroom Management Paradigm, ed. "School Settings and Their Keeping. EVERTSON, CAROLYN M., and HARRIS, ALENE H. 1992. Maintaining a classroom management system requires the teacher to anticipate student actions and responses in order to be preventive rather than reactive. "Classroom Organization and Management." Chapter 11 Various Dimensions of Complexity in Effectively Managing the Innovation Process – The Role of China (Georges Haour). "The focus of Wong's program is on creating orderly classroom routines that help children understand what is expected of them each … Freiberg and colleagues have developed another such program, which also creates a preventive approach to classroom management through attention to school-wide perspectives and student responsibility. 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