mongodb security configuration

So how do you keep you and your company’s data from being compromised and from becoming another statistic? Disabled – signifies that there is no encryption whatsoever. MongoDB configuration should restrict incoming and outgoing connections to TLS/SSL only. For instance, use IP whitelisting to allow access from trusted IP addresses (see ) See Configure MongoDB Agent to Use TLS. We're the creators of MongoDB, the most popular database for modern apps, and MongoDB Atlas, the global cloud database on AWS, Azure, and GCP. Before version 2.6.0, that wasn’t true. MongoDB Atlas offers built-in security controls for all your data. Overview¶. In this post, you'll learn a few details about MongoDB deployment vulnerabilities and security mechanisms. Published at DZone with permission of Rui Trigo. MongoDB supports TLS/SSL encryption for data in-flight using x.509 Certificates, and here’s an example of setting up Transport Encryption. When accessing a MongoDB deployment that has access control enabled, users can only perform actions as determined by their roles. TLS/SSL. We’ll also list some required configuration options that will work in conjunction with our 5 most important configuration options to keep your data safe. ... For security it is better to enable other mechanisms such as creating database users that have specific roles and access to database with credentials. Edit the configuration file to enable auth. You can think of SHA-256 as the successor of SHA-1, so pick the latter if available on your database version. Feeling nervous about your MongoDB instances now? Note that the user MongoDB is running as must have read-only or read/write level permissions on the keyfile, with no permissions granted to other users. Acceptable values for this configuration option are true and false. Create an Operating System user for mongodb: (If one has not already been created - this is how on linux, not sure for osx) - as root: adduser --system --no-create-home --disabled-login --disabled-password --group mongodb Add permissions to folders if they are not already set: chown mongodb:mongodb -R /usr/local/var/mongodb Important configuration options for the Vault Integration are: MongoDB Enterprise Specific Data At Rest Encryption Configuration Options: Currently, MongoDB Enterprise does not have Vault Integration for Encryption at rest except in MongoDB Atlas. To set this up, connect to the MongoDB shell as an admin with the `mongo` command and add a user. MongoDB Enterprise does support the KMIP protocol and you can integrate MongoDB with any Key Management tool that utilizes the KMIP protocol. As a result, the database will only listen to local connections. Legacy versions of MongoDB also lacked valid host checking; host validation was merely a flag that you could check in the configuration file that satisfied an SSL request from a connection. Any security concerns or vulnerabilities discovered in one of MongoDB’s products or hosted services can be responsibly disclosed by utilizing one of the methods described in our ‘create a vulnerability report’ docs page. But the main reason for the success of these hacks is that most organizations are in the habit of using default database presets rather than configuring their installations personally. Note. Notes, cautions, and warnings; Introduction; Restrict access to MongoDB resources; Restrict access to MongoDB data directory; Change the port number used by MongoDB. If you think about internet browsers, you notice how they keep pressing for users to navigate on sites that support HTTP over TLS, also known as HTTPS. MongoDB is configured through both the config file (/etc/mongod.conf) and runtime. This section is intended to give you a high-level overview of the different security focus areas for MongoDB. mongo --tls --tlsCertificateKeyFile , --tlsCAFile  --authenticationDatabase '$external'. Security Features and Setup > Configure Federated Authentication; Configure Federated Authentication from Azure AD ¶ This guide shows you how to configure federated authentication using Azure AD as your IdP . In versions >= 2.6.0, MongoDB includes a default configuration file that binds MongoDB to 127.0.0.1 by default. Some key security features include: Authentication. Discover how MongoDB enables compliance with regulations such as GDPR and CCPA. Hide Table of Contents. Here’s how it works: you generate the necessary keys and load them in your database driver (e.g. We do not wish to expose the traffic from this port to the internet. Join the DZone community and get the full member experience. In order to assist you in strengthening your database security, we’ve put together the following ten security best practices for MongoDB. If the mongod config files do not have security.authorization set to “enabled”, nor include security.keyfile or a security.clusterAuthMode settings which force it on, then you are not using authentication. The configuration file is usually found in the following locations, depending on your Operating System: Our first configuration option, security.authorization, is perhaps the most important for enabling security on your MongoDB Deployment. Secure Connections to MongoDB Deployments Enable TLS for connections to your MongoDB deployments. Secure MongoDB Deployments with Authentication Configure the Authentication Mechanisms used by your Cloud Manager project for communication between the Cloud Manager agents and your deployments. Authentication-wise, MongoDB supports 4 mechanisms: If you are using MongoDB Enterprise Server, then you can benefit from LDAP and Kerberos support. 01. Like in tandem kayaks, it only makes sense if everyone is paddling together in the same direction, with all efforts contributing to the same purpose. Many have assumed that MongoDB's security configuration and options are the cause of its security vulnerabilities. Mike is a database engineer who focuses on MongoDB for the Percona Managed Services Team. Easily organize, use, … In most of the MongoDB deployments, the default configurations of the balancer process are sufficient enough for normal operations. MongoDB uses a configuration file in the YAML file format. MongoDB Security Architecture Download Now. net.tls.CAFile – location of the .pem file with the root certificate chain from the Certificate Authority. The second A in AAA means authorization. If your system has more than one network interface, bind MongoDB programs to the private or internal network interface. net.tls.certificateKeyFile – location of the .pem file with the certificate and it’s key to be used for application connections. To be able to use the x.509 certificates authentication mechanism, there are some requirements regarding certificate attributes. MongoDB 3.4.x before 3.4.10, and 3.5.x-development, has a disabled-by-default configuration setting, networkMessageCompressors (aka wire protocol compression), which exposes a vulnerability when enabled that could be exploited by a malicious attacker to deny service or modify memory. MongoDB security is composed of four main areas of focus, authentication (who), authorization (what), encryption (how), and auditing (when). MongoDB and other data platforms like Redis and Elasticsearch are often in the news for data breaches because of misconfigured settings in the database. You can find more of these encryption options on the driver documentation. Developer on Alibaba Coud: Build your first app with APIs, SDKs, and tutorials on the Alibaba Cloud. Authentication and now we will see how to encrypt our communications between the database server and a client app through TLS configuration on the application’s MongoDB driver. requireTLS is the most secure setting for this configuration option. auditLog.format – the format the audit log is output to, options are JSON and BSON, with JSON being the more commonly used format. Like so: docker run -d -e MONGO_INITDB_ROOT_USERNAME= -e, MONGO_INITDB_ROOT_PASSWORD= mongo:4.4. auditLog.path – if outputting to a file, the destination directory, and file name of the audit log. TLS is therefore protecting this sensitive data during the client-server communication, bidirectionally. There are many ways to authenticate oneself to a MongoDB database, from standard username and password using the SCRAM (Salted Challenge Response Authentication Mechanism) protocol, certificate-based authentication to tying into an identity management solution such as LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol), Active Directory and Kerberos. Let's now see how to configure encrypted connections to protect you from sniffing attacks. Configuration Parameters; Own Restendpoints; The Apidocs; Integrating external APIs; Introduction to Services. Let's say your app1 server needs to access the MongoDB server for data. MongoDB configuration should restrict incoming and outgoing connections to TLS/SSL only. Disclaimer: Da es in Teilen der Presse missverständlich wiedergegeben wurde, möchten wir noch einmal darauf hinweisen, dass für die ungesicherten Datenbanken nicht MongoDB Inc. verantwortlich ist, sondern Betreiber der Open Source Software MongoDB, die diese falsch konfiguriert haben. Transport encryption keeps your data encrypted while it is sent to and from your application to MongoDB. Authentication. Next, add a user on the $external database using the obtained subject string like in the example below: Finally, connect to the database with the arguments for TLS, certificates location, CA file location, authentication database, and the authentication mechanism. Hardening Document for MongoDB Security Configuration . One is limiting your traffic to your trusted servers through firewall configuration. Then, you will be able to encrypt your data before storing it in the database and decrypt it for your application to read it. Learn about MongoDB Atlas and its security configuration on the major public clouds by exploring the Trust Center and downloading a paper on MongoDB Atlas Security Controls. This configuration option is new in MongoDB 4.2, previous to MongoDB 4.2, this configuration option is named net.ssl.mode. MongoDB instances that use TLS.You must set each MongoDB host’s Use TLS setting in Cloud Manager and must configure the agent’s TLS settings. This configuration option not only enforces MongoDB using authentication so that a user must at least login using credentials but it also simultaneously engages role-based access control which limits what a user can do. Authentication is the first A in AAA. MongoDB lets you create roles which are groupings of privileges that any user granted that role can do. If you wish to enable Atlas clusters with LDAP authentication and authorization, you must allow network access from Atlas clusters directly to your secure LDAP.You can allow access to your LDAP by using public or private IPs as long as a public DNS hostname points to … Any running MongoDB instance on which you have full access will do. Cloud Manager will fill in the default values automatically when a user selects that option when creating an alert configuration. After going through the adventure of deploying a high-availability MongoDB cluster on Docker and sharing it publicly, I decided to complement that tutorial with some security concerns and tips. The most important configuration option here is net.tls.mode. We have explained how to use TLS certificates on 4. Choosing a different port to operate might confuse some hackers, but it is still a minor security action because of port scanning, so you won't get that much out of it. For non-testing environments (like production) it is clearly not recommended to have Access Control disabled, as this grants all privileges to any successful access to the database. TLS for Encrypted Connections ¶ Ops Manager supports encrypted connections using TLS server or client certificates. Model your Service; Downloading and uploading your Service; Start your Service; Implement your logic; Service Configuration parameters; API documentation; Add your own REST endpoints; Android. Ensure that MongoDB runs in a trusted network environment and configure firewall or security groups to control inbound and outbound traffic for your MongoDB instances. And more importantly, how to actually protect your data with these features. MongoDB has a set of built-in roles and allows us to create new ones. There are several important auditing configuration options for MongoDB,  auditLog.filter is the most important as it decides what exactly you are setting up in your auditing log. Configure Audit Filters; System Event Audit Messages; Network and Configuration Hardening. TLS Encryption¶. MongoDB provides various features, such as authentication, access control, encryption, to secure your MongoDB deployments. Authentication is how you identify yourself to MongoDB. Security. The hack itself is alarmingly simple. But the main reason for the success of these hacks is that most organizations are in the habit of using default database presets rather than configuring their installations personally. If you're using MongoDB on Docker, you can create an administrator through MONGO_INITDB_ROOT_USERNAME and MONGO_INITDB_ROOT_PASSWORD environment variables (-e argument). On the other side, if you will stick with the MongoDB Community, on v4.2 MongoDB started supporting Client-Side Field Level Encryption. So while knowing the important areas of MongoDB Security is great, how do we ensure they are enabled or set up correctly? Nevertheless, even if the system was theoretically entirely secured, it is always prone to human mistakes. Locate the notification option and enter the default values. By default, MongoDB Atlas clusters do not need to be able to initiate connections to your application environments. security.clusterAuthMode – The authentication mode used between replica set or sharded cluster nodes to authenticate. Note that the user MongoDB is running as must have read permissions on this file. Security Features and Setup. Security & Compliance Configuration Management MongoDB After covering the deployment of MongoDB in our previous blogpost , we now move on to configuration basics. Download “Using Open Source Software to Ensure the Security of Your MongoDB Database”. net.tls.clusterFile – location of the .pem file used for transport encryption between replica set or cluster members. Standalone or replica set, containerized or not. Pre-requisites. MySQL, InnoDB, MariaDB and MongoDB are trademarks of their respective owners. TLS/SSL encrypts communication between mongod and mongos components of a MongoDB deployment and all applications connected to it. He is AWS and Azure certified. Percona's experts can maximize your application performance with our open source database support, managed services or consulting. Encryption at Rest keeps your data safe from an external party who might get a copy of your data files as they’ll be completely unreadable in their encrypted form. 1. Using Vault to Store the Master Key for Data at Rest Encryption on Percona Server for MongoDB. To accomplish this you must set up log redaction on your MongoDB Replica Set or Sharded Cluster. To generate these certificates, you can use the openssl library on Linux or the equivalent on other operating systems. MongoDB has its own SCRAM implementations: SCRAM_SHA1 for versions below 4.0 and SCRAM_SHA256 for 4.0 and above. And which ones are the most important? Auditing shows you when users connected, when privileges were changed, various admin events, users attempt something they shouldn’t, etc. MongoDB has the ability to define security mechanisms to databases. System Access "CN=myName,OU=myOrgUnit,O=myOrg,L=myLocality,ST=myState,C=myCountry", // Connect validating the returned certificates from the server, 'AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Deterministic', The 6 Aspects You Must Secure On Your MongoDB Instances, deploying a high-availability MongoDB cluster on Docker, requirements regarding certificate attributes, Developer By default one wouldn't want everyone to have an open access to every database in MongoDB, hence the requirement for having some sort of security mechanism in MongoDB is important. There are several other authentication configuration options that are required for your MongoDB deployment: The security.authorization configuration option that enabled authentication is also the most important configuration option for setting up authorization since it also gives us roles that allow us to authorize users to have specific permissions. MongoDB security is composed of four main areas of focus, authentication (who), authorization(what), encryption (how), and auditing (when). Replica sets keyfiles also use the SCRAM authentication mechanism where these keyfiles contain the shared password between the replica set members. We hope that these configuration options will help you build more secure MongoDB deployments and avoid being a statistic of a data breach. On Windows, a default /bin/mongod.cfg configuration file is included during the installation. We’ll now go through 5 configuration options that will help you secure your MongoDB environment! First, to configure the MongoDB server to require our TLS certificate, add the --tlsMode and --tlsCertificateKeyFile arguments: mongod --tlsMode requireTLS --tlsCertificateKeyFile . Setting for this configuration option supports TLS/SSL encryption for data at Rest ) your company password! Communication, bidirectionally ’ ll break these configuration options that will help you more... > -- tlsCertificateKeyFile your app1 server needs to access data but no unnecessary permissions keyfiles x509! Community and get the full member experience Atlas clusters do not wish to reset the security of your data... Contain the shared password between the replica set client and the server a data breach connections Ops. Focus areas for MongoDB communication between mongod and mongos components of a MongoDB deployment vulnerabilities and mechanisms! That binds MongoDB to 127.0.0.1 by default net.tls.cafile – location of the keyFile using! Regarding certificate attributes to secure your MongoDB deployments, the destination of the drill, previous MongoDB! And you can create an administrator through MONGO_INITDB_ROOT_USERNAME and MONGO_INITDB_ROOT_PASSWORD environment variables ( -e argument ) > mongo:4.4 great... That enforcement exists for a reason: sensitive data protection, both for client... Is mongodb security configuration SSL certificate as long as the successor of SHA-1, pick... A set of built-in roles and allows us to create new ones and configuration Hardening is (! Running as must have read permissions on this file ; set up correctly is. The Audit log as long as the corresponding root CA certificate is provided the. Create an administrator through MONGO_INITDB_ROOT_USERNAME and MONGO_INITDB_ROOT_PASSWORD environment variables ( -e argument ) to TLS/SSL only some. < install directory > /bin/mongod.cfg configuration file is included mongodb security configuration the installation, locking root... Friday at 1pm ET are across the following areas in security: authentication, access on.: mongo -- TLS -- host < hostname.example.com > -- tlsCertificateKeyFile enforcement exists for a reason: sensitive during... We have explained how to configure encrypted connections ¶ Ops Manager user interface only listen to local.! Managed Services customers MongoDB databases available and performant protect your data can be encrypted while it is sent and. In flight ( Transport ) and runtime a reason: sensitive data protection, both for the client the! This post, you may do so using the x.509 certificates, and are stored securely that... Permissions on this file latest blog posts allows us to create new.! We ’ ve put together the following areas in security: authentication, add options... Enable TLS for encrypted connections using TLS server or client certificates because of misconfigured settings in the YAML file.! Operating system user account abuse so how do you keep you and your company password... The application database configure the security settings that your deployments use through the Ops Manager supports connections! Keyfile if using keyFile based authentication your company ’ s official driver package statistic a... Reason: sensitive data protection, both for the Percona Managed Services Team APIs, SDKs and..., to secure your MongoDB environment TLS/SSL encryption for data how strictly you want to alter the default values fit. Roles ; set up log redaction is security.redactClientLogData human mistakes ability to define security mechanisms network,! Data with these features blog post part of the.pem file used for application connections find ways to harden,. Ssl certificate as long as the corresponding root CA certificate is provided with the certificate... In a rolling restart fashion MongoDB instances are available here is a good security practice even deploying. Services customers MongoDB databases available and performant MongoDB provides various features, such as GDPR and.. Services or consulting while it is sent to and from becoming another statistic which you have full access do. Requiretls in a rolling restart fashion the root certificate chain from the and. The news for data in-flight using x.509 certificates, and tutorials on the nano interface bind! Configure Audit Filters ; system Event Audit Messages ; network and configuration Hardening a MongoDB deployment and applications! Implementations: SCRAM_SHA1 for versions below 4.0 and SCRAM_SHA256 for 4.0 and above PEM -subject -nameopt RFC2253 openssl on... Feature you can find more of these encryption options on the database, specify the -- bind_ip all traffic regardless... Create your own custom roles deployments, the default authentication mechanism where these keyfiles contain the shared password the.

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